By Conrad G. Brunk, Harold Coward
Sleek biotechnology has passed technology fiction with such feats as placing fish genes in tomatoes to create a extra cold-resistant crop. whereas the environmental and healthiness matters over such genetically changed meals were the topic of public debate, non secular and non secular viewpoints were given brief shrift. This booklet seeks to appreciate the ethical and spiritual attitudes of teams inside pluralistic societies whose traditions and ideology bring up for them specified questions about meals and nutritional perform. What questions are there for kosher Jews, halal Muslims, and vegetarian Hindus approximately foodstuff items containing transgenes from prohibited resources? How do those meals effect the cultural practices and non secular teachings of indigenous peoples? matters from the above traditions in addition to Christianity, Buddhism, chinese language faith, and moral vegetarianism are incorporated. individuals examine the moral context of every culture and likewise comprise info from concentration teams. This enlightening paintings concludes with thoughts for the labeling of genetically transformed meals.
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Additional info for Acceptable Genes?: Religious Traditions and Genetically Modified Foods
One reason is the nature of self-fertilization among many agricultural crops (a trait that was desirable in their ability to breed true, the very reason the original ancestral plant was selected for; unlike animals, which of course do not self-fertilize). Next is the ease of obtaining seed from relatively few plants to generate all that contribute to the next generation, with very little cost associated outside of distribution. , Bt toxin from bacteria into plants to confer pest resistance). The latter technique involves putting together a gene with both structural and regulatory sequences into cells that will grow into a mature plant and looking to see if the seed from that plant passes on the trait to all its progeny, while the former typically examines thousands of cells and selects for those that have undergone changes to the structural regions of particular existing genes by screening for the trait being sought before causing the right cells to become whole plants.
The expression of a gene that impedes cell growth and maturation in the anther of corn so as to guarantee male sterility) by the type of regulatory sequence used in the making of the transgene. , the bacterial gene that confers resistance to the herbicide will allow for a commercially valuable plant now expressing a transgene derived from the bacterial gene to grow under conditions where the herbicide is used to control weeds). The majority of current, commercially propagated GMOs are the result of either introducing a single “foreign” gene into a recipient organism or the modification of an existing gene(s) in the genetic makeup of an organism.
Methods for selection of such desirable traits in plants and animals have traditionally involved observing the trait in the particular plant or animal and then using its seed to give rise to the next generation. The net benefit of this has been to produce a greater measure of the trait in every subsequent generation to the benefit of the farmer and society. , milk protein production) in the daughters of several bulls and then utilizing the semen from the bull with the best overall milk producing daughters to give rise to the next generation of cows.