Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: Toward the Improvement by Ashwani K. Rai (Editor), Teruhiro Takabe (Editor)

By Ashwani K. Rai (Editor), Teruhiro Takabe (Editor)

A cutting-edge advisor to contemporary advancements within the knowing of plant reaction to abiotic stresses. every one bankruptcy displays how new recommendations have helped physiologists, biochemists and molecular biologists to appreciate the elemental difficulties of abiotic pressure in plant species. The booklet offers broad bibliographies on the finish of every bankruptcy, in addition to tables and figures that illustrate the learn findings.

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We have characterized salt-inducible proline transporter (HvProT) from barley roots [3]. 1 µM) unlike betaine/proline transporter in Arabidopsis or tomato. HvProT mRNA is strongly induced in roots by salt stress, and its induction is earlier than that of P5CS, the limiting step of proline synthesis. Under salt stress, HvProT transcript is abundant in root tip region, especially root cap and cortex cells. These results suggested that proline might be transported into root tip cells in barley under salt stress.

Inada, M. and Takabem, T, (2003) Evaluation of abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing barley proline transporter (HvProT) gene. Plant Cell Physiol. 44, S47 (Supplement). 24. , Kondo, K. and Tanaka, K. (1995) Decrease in activity of glutathione reductase enhances paraquat sensitivity in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum. Plant Physiol. 107, 645-648. 25.

Especially, APX is the ubiquitous ROS-scavenging enzyme, localized in cytosol, stroma and thylakoid membrane in chloroplast, mitochondria and peroxisome. APX catalyzes the reaction, ascorbate and H2O2 to monodehydroascorbate and H2O. Many reports described the importance of APX as a ROS scavenger under oxidative stress. Recently, it was reported that the Arabidopsis mutant lacking cytosolic APX isoform showed growth suppression during normal development, and APX has multiple functions in plants [31].

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