A Student Guide to Energy by John F. Mongillo

By John F. Mongillo

• contains interviews of lecturers, scholars, and businesspeople within the renewable strength fields
• presents strength timelines charting the ancient improvement of alternative strength sources
• deals one hundred fifty precise Illustrations of electrical automobiles and hydrogen gas cells plus 50 tables, and charts of data
• offers a few maps exhibiting the worldwide improvement of wind strength, solar energy, and geothermal power
• A bibliography of print and on-line assets is incorporated for additional interpreting

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Hydroelectric power accounts for about 22 percent of the world’s Energy and Energy Sources a 13 electricity. Some of the largest hydroelectric power producers are Canada, the United States, Brazil, Norway, Russia, and China. S. electricity is produced by hydropower. Building small, rather than large, hydroelectric power systems may be the trend for the future. Today, small-scale hydroelectric power systems, called “mini-hydro” or “micro-hydro” systems, are being used on rivers and tributaries and in remote areas where construction is difficult.

Oil refineries use a lot of energy to convert crude oil into a variety of products, including gasoline, diesel fuel, heating fuel, and chemicals. In fact, 50 percent of a refinery’s operating costs are for energy. Steel manufacturing. The steel industry uses energy to produce steel for hundreds of products. Steel is made from iron ore and other materials at very high temperatures. Steel products include home appliances and automobile parts. Producing these high temperatures with coal-fired furnaces is very costly; however, 66 percent of new steel is Energy and Energy Sources a 21 made from recycled scraps, making steel the leading recycled product in the United States.

Presently, petroleum dominates the world’s energy scene. Oil provides 40 percent of all of the energy in industrial countries. No question, petroleum is the world’s number one source of energy. Crude oil is measured in barrels. S. gallons of crude oil. What products are made from a barrel of oil? S. gallon barrel of crude oil, after it is refined, produces about 19 gallons of finished motor gasoline and 10 gallons of diesel. The rest of the oil left in the barrel is used to make a variety of different products such as vitamin capsules, shampoo, bicycle tires, tennis rackets, combs, clothes, football cleats, fertilizers, pesticides, detergents, dishes, paints, food preservatives, and heart valves.

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